What to Know Before Giving Someone a Puppy?


Puppies: they’re cute, fluffy, and their adoring eyes can melt the coldest of hearts. But before you rush to the pet shop or a reputable dog breeder to surprise a friend, family member, or loved one with a new fur baby, take a moment to consider the implications of doing so.

Bringing a dog into a household is a long-term commitment that requires careful thought and planning. While surprising someone with a puppy sounds like a sweet gesture, it’s usually a better idea to involve the recipient in the decision-making process.

This article aims to guide you through the essential aspects to consider before giving someone a puppy as a gift.

The Recipient’s Lifestyle and Readiness

The idea of giving a puppy might fill you with excitement, but it’s crucial to assess whether the recipient is genuinely ready for this life-altering addition. Here’s how to critically examine their lifestyle and readiness for dog ownership.

Time Commitment: Beyond the Basics

Puppies are not just adorable bundles of joy; they are also high-maintenance companions requiring considerable attention. This involves training, exercise, and socialisation.

Basic obedience training takes time and patience, often over several months. Potty training alone can be a daunting task for a first-time dog owner. Regardless of breed, dogs will need regular exercise to stay healthy. This means daily walks, playtime, and possibly even more rigorous activities like hiking or agility training.

Dogs also need to be socialised from a young age to ensure they are well-adjusted adults. This means exposing them to different people, animals, and environments, requiring a dedicated amount of time from the owner.

Work-Life Balance

Consider the recipient’s daily schedule. If they work long hours or travel frequently, caring for a puppy will be challenging. Some breeds have higher separation anxiety levels than others, so choosing a more independent breed might be more appropriate in such cases.

Space and Environment

Space is a crucial factor in a dog’s life. Larger breeds often need a yard to roam freely, while smaller breeds may find apartment living more manageable. Additionally, is the home close to parks or other recreational areas where the dog can be exercised and socialised?

Confirm the property is pet-friendly if the recipient is renting, as many landlords have restrictions on pet ownership.


Allergies to pet dander can range from mild irritations to severe respiratory issues. Make sure no one in the recipient’s household is allergic to dogs or that they are able to manage their allergies effectively.

Compatibility with Existing Pets

If the recipient already owns other pets, you must consider how a new dog will fit into the current family dynamic. Introducing a new pet can be stressful for existing animals, and some breeds have a harder time getting along with other pets.

Family Dynamics

Family dynamics play a significant role in how well a new puppy will be integrated. If there are small children, consider breeds known for being family-friendly. Conversely, a household with older family members may prefer a calmer, more mature dog.

Long-Term Commitment

A dog’s lifespan typically ranges from 10 to 15 years, sometimes more. The recipient should be prepared for this long-term commitment, including the potential challenges of caring for an ageing dog with health issues.

Lifestyle Changes

Lastly, think of what life changes may occur for the recipient in the next few years. Are they planning to move, start a family, or switch jobs? All of these changes can impact their ability to care for a dog.

By assessing all these facets of the recipient’s lifestyle and readiness, you can make a more informed decision. Remember, owning a dog is rewarding but also a responsibility that impacts both the owner and the pet for many years to come. Make sure it’s a decision that enriches lives, rather than complicates them.

Choosing the Type of Dog

Size and Breed

Research the breed that will be most suitable for the recipient’s lifestyle. Larger breeds often need more exercise and space, whereas smaller breeds may be more suitable for apartment living.


Puppies require a lot of work and training but offer the advantage of growing up with the family. Older dogs might be easier to manage and may already be trained.

Adopting vs Buying

Adopting a dog from a shelter is often considered a more ethical choice, however, it is not without its challenges. While many shelter dogs are sweet and gentle, some of them have more complicated behavioural or health issues that will require extra effort and knowledge on the part of the owner. Unless you’re giving the puppy to an experienced dog owner, and they’ve agreed to accept the specific shelter dog you’re looking at, then it’s best to steer clear of this option.

However, if you decide to go through a breeder, make sure they’re a reputable breeder that’s part of a breeding organisation. Doing this helps ensure that the breeder is accountable for the wellbeing of their pups, making it more likely that any puppy you get is healthy and has a good temperament.

Practical Steps

Preparing the Home

If the recipient is on board with the puppy that they’ll be getting, the next step is preparing the home. This involves buying food, a dog bed, toys, a leash, and other essentials. Consider providing these along with the puppy as a full package.

Veterinary Visit

The first vet visit is crucial for vaccinations, microchipping, and a general health check-up. You can opt to take care of this yourself or leave it for the recipient to handle, if they have a trusted veterinarian in mind.

Legal Considerations

Remember that owning a pet comes with legal responsibilities, including registration and microchipping. Make sure to research the local laws concerning pet ownership.


Giving a puppy as a gift is a generous act that could bring immense joy to the recipient. However, it’s not a decision to be taken lightly. If after careful thought you decide to go ahead, make sure to help provide the tools needed for a successful transition to the dog’s new owners. A puppy isn’t just for Christmas; it’s a 10-15 year commitment. Make sure it’s a gift that keeps on giving, rather than one that becomes a burden.

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